Profile of the motor development in children with overweight

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Mayara Moura Alves da Cruz
Stephanie Dornelas Cesario
Caique Aguiar dos Santos
João Pedro Lucas Neves Silva
Íbis Ariana Peña de Moraes
Thais Massetti
Talita Dias da Silva
Carlos Bandeira de Mello Monteiro
Maria Tereza Artero Prado
Francis Lopes Pacagnelli
Deborah Cristina Gonçalves Luiz Fernani

Abstract

Introduction: In school-age children, differences in weight and motor skills are still controversial. Objective: To analyze the relation between motor development, level of physical activity, and body mass index (BMI) in children with overweight. Methods: 85 students of both genders, aged 6 to 10 years, living in Presidente Prudente, São Paulo, Brazil, were evaluated. The instruments used were: the classification of BMI/age, the Motor Development Scale and the  Modified and Adapted Questionnaire of Level of Physical Activity. The sample was divided into two groups: the overweight group (OWG) was composed of 50 students with nutritional diagnosis of overweight and obesity; the normal weight group (NWG) was composed of 35 eutrophic students. The following tests were used for statistical analysis: Shapiro Wilk (data normality), Student’s t test or Mann-Whitney (independent samples), Spearman’s test (correlation) and χ2 test (proportion), with significance level set at p<0.05. Results: The OWG had significantly lower results for general motor development (91.32±10.68 versus 97.14±9.06; p=0.010), fine motricity (93.21±21.59 versus 103.1±13.12; p=0.0138) and gross motricity (90.31±23.54 versus 112.6±16.07; p=0.0001). A significant positive correlation was found between level of physical activity and motor development in OWG subjects in the domains balance (0.35080; p=0.0125) and spatial organization (0.41820; p=0.0025). Conclusion: When OWG is compared to NWG, results are inferior for general motricity, fine motricity, and gross motricity.

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How to Cite
Cruz, M. M. A. da, Cesario, S. D., Santos, C. A. dos, Silva, J. P. L. N., Moraes, Íbis A. P. de, Massetti, T., Silva, T. D. da, Monteiro, C. B. de M., Prado, M. T. A., Pacagnelli, F. L., & Fernani, D. C. G. L. (2017). Profile of the motor development in children with overweight. ABCS Health Sciences, 42(3). https://doi.org/10.7322/abcshs.v42i3.1071
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Original Articles

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