Main Article Content
Introduction: The final years of the undergraduate medical course are surrounded by the gradual increase of responsibilities accumulated during the course, which can often overwhelm students by modifying their quality of life. Objective: To analyze the quality of life profile of graduates of the medical course and their association with the difficulty in conciliate clerkship and studies. Methods: The sample consisted of 302 students, with a mean age of 25.4 years. Were investigated the quality of life through the WHOQOL-bref, sociodemographic information and characteristics of clerkship. Results: The general quality of life (63.52) and the domains Psychological (73.17) and Physical (73.19) were the indicators more negative perception by students. In the sample, 29.1% reported neutral or negative perception of quality of life. The physical (p=0.004), psychological (p=0.008) and environment (p=0.026) were predictive power of 15.8% of the overall quality of life. In addition, it was found that the students who had difficulties in conciliate the clerkship and the study had a lower general quality of life (p=0.026) and physical quality (p=0.010). Conclusion: The worst indicators of quality of life were the Psychological, Physical and general quality of life domains. A portion of the sample reported a neutral or negative perception of their quality of life. Students with difficulty to conciliate clerkship and studies show more negative perception in the physical
domain and general quality of life.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) that allows others to share and adapt the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
2. Pereira EF, Teixeira CS, Santos A. Qualidade de vida: abordagens, conceitos e avaliação. Rev Bras Edu Fís Esporte. 2012;26(2):241-50. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1807-55092012000200007
3. Figueiredo AM, Ribeiro GM, Reggiani ALM, Pinheiro BA, Leopoldo GO, Duarte JAH, et al. Percepções dos estudantes de medicina da UFOP sobre sua qualidade de vida. Rev Bras Educ Med. 2014;38(4):435-43. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-55022014000400004
4. Klemenc-Ketis Z, Kersnik J, Eder K, Colaric D. Factors associated with health-related quality of life among university students. Srp Arh Celok Lek. 2011;139(3-4):197-202.
5. Pekmezovic T, Popovic A, Tepavcevic DK, Gazibara T, Paunic M. Factors associated with health-related quality of life among Belgrade University students. Qual Life Res. 2011;20:391-7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11136-010-9754-x
6. Maynard PL, Rohrer JE, Fulton L. Health-related quality of life among online university students. J Prim Care Community Health. 2015;6(1):48-53. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2150131914545517
7. Scholz M, Neumann C, Steinmann C, Hammer CM, Schröder A, Ebel N, et al. Development and correlation of work-related behavior and experience patterns, burnout and quality of life in medical students from their freshmanship to the first state examination. Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol. 2015;65(3-4):93-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0034-1375630
8. Chazan ACS, Campos MR, Portugal FB. Qualidade de vida de estudantes de medicina da UERJ por meio do WHOQOL-bref: uma abordagem multivariada. Ciênc Saúde Coletiva. 2015;20(2):547-56. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1413-81232015202.05182014
9. Zhang Y, Qu B, Lun S, Wang D, Guo Y, Liu J. Quality of life of medical students in China: a study using the WHOQOL-BREF. PloS One. 2012;7(11):e49714. https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049714
10. Diderichsen S, Andersson J, Johansson EE, Verdonk P, Lagro-Janssen A, Hamberg K. Swedish medical students' expectations of their future life. Int J Med Educ. 2011;2:140-6. https://dx.doi.org/10.5116/ijme.4ec5.92b8
11. Barbetta PA. Estatística aplicada às ciências sociais: UFSC; 2008.
12. The WHOQOL Group. The development of the World Health Organization quality of life assessment instrument (the WHOQOL). In: Orley J, Kuyken W. Quality of Life Assessment: International Perspectives. Springer: 1994;41-57. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-79123-9_4
13. Fleck MPA, Louzada S, Xavier M, Chachamovich E, Vieira G, Santos L, et al. Aplicação da versão em português do instrumento abreviado de avaliação da qualidade de vida" WHOQOL-bref". Rev Saúde Pública. 2000;34(2):178-83. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102000000200012
14. Nayak MSDP, Naidu SA, Krishnaveni A, Sreegiri S, Srinivas PJ. Quality Of Life in Medical Students of Andhra Medical College, Visakhapatnam. Int J Health Sci Res. 2014;4(12):39-43.
15. BampiI LNS, BaraldiI S, GuilhemI D, Araújo MP, Campos ACO. Qualidade de vida de estudantes de Medicina da Universidade de Brasília. Rev Bras Educ Med. 2013;37(2):217-25.
16. Alves JGB, Tenório M, Anjos AG, Figueroa JN. Qualidade de vida em estudantes de Medicina no início e final do curso: avaliação pelo WHOQOL-bref. Rev Bras Educ Med. 2010;34(1):91-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-55022010000100011
17. Paro CA, Bittencourt ZZLC. Quality of life of the undergraduate health students. Rev Bras Educ Med. 2013;37(3):365-75. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-55022013000300009
18. Raj SR, Simpson CS, Hopman WM, Singer MA. Health-related quality of life among final-year medical students. CMAJ. 2000;162(4):509-10.
19. Willcock SM, Daly MG, Tennant CC, Allard BJ. Burnout and psychiatric morbidity in new medical graduates. Med J Aust. 2004;181(7):357-60.
20. Olmo NRS, Ferreira LF, Prado AD, Martins LC, Dedivitis RA. Percepção dos estudantes de medicina do primeiro e sexto anos quanto à qualidade de vida. Diagn tratamento. 2012;17(4):157-61.
21. Jamali A, Tofangchiha S, Jamali R, Nedjat S, Jan D, Narimani A, et al. Medical students' health-related quality of life: roles of social and behavioural factors. Med Educ. 2013;47(10):1001-12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/medu.12247
22. Baldassin S, Alves TC, Andrade AG, Martins LAN. The characteristics of depressive symptoms in medical students during medical education and training: a cross-sectional study. BMC Med Educ. 2008;8:60. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6920-8-60
23. Bellini LM, Baime M, Shea JA. Variation of mood and empathy during internship. Jama. 2002;287(23):3143-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.287.23.3143
24. Nojomi M, Bandi MFG, Kaffashi S. Sleep pattern in medical students and residents. Arch Iran Med. 2009;12(6):542-9.
25. Waqas A, Khan S, Sharif W, Khalid U, Ali A. Association of academic stress with sleeping difficulties in medical students of a Pakistani medical school: a cross sectional survey. Peer J. 2015;3:e840. http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.840
26. Mendonça AEO, Salvetti MG, Maia EMC, Silva ACO, Torres GV. Análise dos aspectos físicos da qualidade de vida de receptores de rim. Rev Esc Enferm USP. 2015;49(1):76-81. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0080-623420150000100010
27. Goldin SB, Wahi MM, Farooq OS, Borgman HA, Carpenter HL, Wiegand LR, et al. Student quality-of-life declines during third year surgical clerkship. J Surg Res. 2007;143(1):151-7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2007.08.021
28. Florindo AA, Salvador EP, Reis RS, Guimarães VV. Perception of the environment and practice of physical activity by adults in a low socioeconomic area. Rev Saude Publica. 2011;45(2):302-10. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102011000200009