Prevalence and associated factor with frailty syndrome in the Brazilian elderly attended in primary care facilities: a cross-sectional study

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Ankilma do Nascimento Andrade Feitosa
Sheylla Nadjane Batista Lacerda
Elisangela Vilar de Assis
Luiz Carlos de Abreu
Francisco Winter dos Santos Figueiredo
Fernando Luiz Affonso Fonseca
Fernando Adami

Abstract

Introduction: Frailty is a multidimensional syndrome that increases the vulnerability in the elderly, decreasing physiological reserves, intensifying the functional decline, being associated with numerous physical changes, determining greater risks to the elderly’s health. Objective: To analyze the association between frailty and sociodemographic conditions of the elderly met in primary care facilities in the city of Cajazeiras, northeastern Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional study, conducted in July 2015, with 823 elderly people through semi-structured questionnaire containing the proposed frailty criteria by Linda Fried and colleagues, and analyzed using SPSS version 21. The Chi-Square test was used to assess the association between variables, considering p<0.05 as statistically significant. The sociodemographic data were collected using an instrument created by the authors. Results: The prevalence of frailty was 23.8% and is associated with older age groups (70-90 years) and older people who did not attend school (25.5%), and the main criterion of frailty found among the elderly was "slow walk" (71.7%). Conclusion: The frailty in elderly from Northeastern Brazil is associated with higher age and illiteracy.

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Feitosa, A. do N. A., Lacerda, S. N. B., Assis, E. V. de, Abreu, L. C. de, Figueiredo, F. W. dos S., Fonseca, F. L. A., & Adami, F. (2020). Prevalence and associated factor with frailty syndrome in the Brazilian elderly attended in primary care facilities: a cross-sectional study. ABCS Health Sciences, 45, e020027. https://doi.org/10.7322/abcshs.45.2020.1450
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Original Articles

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