Reabilitação pulmonar em longo prazo na doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica (DPOC)

Cintia Laura Pereira de Araújo, Manuela Karloh, Karoliny dos Santos, Cardine Martins dos Reis, Anamaria Fleig Mayer

Resumo


Introdução: A Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica (DPOC) prejudica o estado funcional, com consequente limitação das Atividades de Vida Diária (AVD). Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar o efeito de um programa de Reabilitação Pulmonar (RP), em longo prazo, no estado funcional, na dispneia e no índice BODE em pacientes com DPOC. Relato de caso: Trata-se de um estudo retrospectivo e documental, com análise dos prontuários de cinco pacientes participantes de um programa de RP por um ano. Destes prontuários foram coletados dados referentes às avaliações: espirometria, Índice de Massa Corporal (IMC), escalas London Chest Activity of Daily Living (LCADL) e Medical Research Council e (MRC) teste de caminhada de seis minutos. Após um ano participando do programa de exercício físico, a maioria dos pacientes apresentou maior capacidade funcional, menor dispneia e redução no risco de mortalidade. Conclusão: Um ano de RP parece ter função de manutenção da melhora da capacidade funcional de pacientes com DPOC, após 24 sessões de treinamento.


Palavras-chave


doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica; exercício; tolerância ao exercício; atividades cotidianas; mortalidade

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7322/abcshs.v39i1.246

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Direitos autorais 2014 Cintia Laura Pereira de Araújo, Manuela Karloh, Karoliny dos Santos, Cardine Martins dos Reis, Anamaria Fleig Mayer