Use of psychoactive substances in students at a public university

Main Article Content

Meire Luci da Silva
Franciele Santos Rego
Nathalia Fagundes Roque
Vitor Engrácia Valenti

Abstract

Introduction: The use of psychoactive substances by the student population has been the object of various studies in Brazil. Objective: To determine the prevalence of substance use among students. Methods: Quantitative study with a closed questionnaire based on standardized assessment instruments was developed. It consists of questions related to types of psychoactive substance use, abuse, frequency and duration of use, self-criticism regarding the use, consequences of use in relation to health, and misdemeanors committed under the influence of psychoactive substances. The sample included the participation of 268 students. A total of 183 (68.3%) questionnaires were analyzed, and only those with positive result for substance abuse at some point in life, the remainder, 85 (31%) questionnaires, had negative responses to psychoactive substances. Results: Students’ responses to the two years surveyed indicated that the first psychoactive substance used was alcohol (77.9%), followed by tobacco use (10.9%), and marijuana (7.6%). Of the students surveyed, 145 (79.2%) answered that still make use of psychoactive substances, and the current frequency of use varies from one or more times per week. When asked about the possibility of being or becoming drug addicts, 169 (92.3%) responded that they are not or will not become dependent. Conclusion: The results indicate the high rate of substance use among college students surveyed, and point to their contradiction to consider such psychoactive substances harmful to their health.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Silva, M. L. da, Rego, F. S., Roque, N. F., & Valenti, V. E. (2014). Use of psychoactive substances in students at a public university. ABCS Health Sciences, 39(3). https://doi.org/10.7322/abcshs.v39i3.650
Section
Original Articles

References

1. Andrade A, Duarte P, Barroso L, Nishimura R, Alberghini D, Oliveira L. Use of alcohol and other drugs among Brazilian college students: effects of gender and age. Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 2012;34(3):294-305. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rbp.2012.02.002

2. Silva ML, Santos NMR, Barnabé V, Valenti VE. Fatores de risco que podem induzir o uso de drogas por estudantes de
uma Universidade Pública. J Human Growth Development. 2013;23(3):346-51.

3. Freitas RM, Nascimento DS, Santos PS. Investigação do uso de drogas lícitas e ilícitas entre os universitários de instituições do ensino superior (públicas e privadas), no município de Picos, Piauí. SMAD, Rev Eletrônica Saúde Mental Álcool Drog. 2012;8(2):79-86. http://dx.doi.org/10.11606/issn.1806-6976.v8i2p79-86

4. Nóbrega MPSS, Simich L, Strike C, Brands B, Giesbrecht N, Khenti A. Policonsumo simultâneo de drogas entre estudantes
de graduação da área de ciências da saúde de uma universidade: implicações de gênero, sociais e legais, Santo
André - Brasil. Texto Contexto Enferm. 2012;21(spe):25-33. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-07072012000500003

5. Santos MVF, Pereira DS, Siqueira MM. Uso de álcool e tabaco entre estudantes de Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. J Bras Psiquiatr. 2013;62(1):22-30. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0047-20852013000100004

6. Makanjuola AB, Abiodun OA, Sajo S. Alcohol and psychoactive substance use among medical students of the university of ilorin, Nigeria. Eur Scientific J. 2014;10(8):69-83.

7. Tesfaye G, Derese A, Hambisa TM. Substance use and associated factors among University Students in Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study. J Addiction. 2014;2014:1-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/969837

8. Bakar C, Gündogar D, Karaman HIO, Maral I. Prevalence and related risk factors of tobacco, alcohol and illicit substance use among university students. Eur J Psychiat. 2013;27(2):97-110. http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S0213-61632013000200003

9. Huizink AC, Levalahti E, Korhonen T, Dick DM, Pulkkinen L, Rose RJ, et al. Tobacco, cannabis, and other illicit drug use among Finnish adolescent twins: causal relationship or correlated liabilities? J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2010;71(1):5-14.

10. Carlini EA, Carlini-Cotrin BH, Silva Filho AR, Barbosa MTS. II Household Survey on the use of psychotropic drugs in Brazil: study involving the 108 largest cities – 2005. São Paulo: CEBRID/UNIFESP; 2006.

11. Carlini EA, Carlini-Cotrin BH, Silva-Filho AR, Barbosa MTS. II Levantamento nacional sobre uso de psicotrópicos em estudantes de primeiro e segundo graus. São Paulo: Centro Brasileiro sobre Drogas Psicotrópicas, Escola Paulista de Medicina; 1989.

12. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). World drug report, United Nations office on drugs and crime. New York: United Nations Publications; 2012.

13. Picolotto E, Libardoni LFC, Migott AMB, Geib LTC. Prevalência e fatores associados com o consumo de substâncias psicoativas por acadêmicos de enfermagem da Universidade de Passo Fundo. Cienc Saúde Coletiva. 2010;15(3):645-54. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232010000300006

14. Nunes JM, Campolina LR, Vieira MA, Caldeira AP. Alcohol consumption and binge drinking among health college students. Rev Psiquiatr Clin. 2012;39(3):94-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-60832012000300005

15. Feijão IEP, Sampaio HAC, Sabry MOD, Carioca AAF, Yum MEM, Lima JWO. Prática de binge alcoólico entre estudantes universitários. Rev Bras Promoção Saúde. 2012;25(4):462-68. http://dx.doi.org/10.5020/18061230

16. Fachini A, Furtado EF. Uso de álcool e expectativas do beber entre universitários: uma análise das diferenças entre os sexos. Psicol Teor Pesq. 2013;29(4):421-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-37722013000400008

17. Soares MH, Oliveira FS. A relação entre álcool, tabaco e estresse em estudantes de enfermagem. SMAD – Rev Eletr Saúde Mental Álcool Drog. 2013;9(2):88-94. http://dx.doi.org/10.11606/issn.1806-6976.v9i2p88-94

18. Carlini EA, Galduróz JCF, Noto AR, Nappo AS. I Levantamento domiciliar sobre o uso de drogas psicotrópicas no Brasil – 2001. São Paulo: Centro Brasileiro sobre Drogas Psicotrópicas, Universidade Federal de São Paulo; 2002.

19. Silva EF, Pavani RAB, Moraes MS, Chiaravalloti NF. Drug abuse prevalence among secondary school students in São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo State, Brazil. Cad Saúde Pública. 2006;22(6):1151-8.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2006000600004

20. Silva LVR, Malbergier A, Stempliuk VA, Andrade AG. Factors associated with alcohol and drug use among college students. Rev Saúde Pública. 2006;40(2):280-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102006000200014

21. Strauch ES, Pinheiro RT, Silva RA, Horta BL. Alcohol use among adolescents: a populationbased study. Rev Saúde Pública. 2009;43(3):647-55. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102009005000044

22. Ortega-Pérez CA, Costa Junior ML, Vasters GP. Perfil epidemiológico de la drogadicción en estudiantes universitarios. Rev Latino-Am Enferm. 2011;19(spe):665-72. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-11692011000700002

23. Baus J, Kupek E, Pires M. Prevalência e fatores de risco relacionados ao uso de drogas entre escolares. Rev Saúde Pública. 2002;36(1):40-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102002000100007

24. Rebolledo E, Medina N, Pillon S. Factores de riesgo asociados al uso de drogas em estudiantes adolescentes. Rev Latino-Am Enferm. 2004;12(spe):369-75. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-11692004000700011

25. Schenker M, Minayo MCS. Risk factors and protection for drug use in adolescence. Cienc Saúde Coletiva. 2005;10(5):707-17. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232005000300027

26. Suárez RE, Galera SAF. Discurso de los padres sobre el uso de drogas lícitas e ilícitas percibido por estudiantes universitarios. Rev Latino-Am Enferm. 2004;12(spe):406-11. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-11692004000700016

27. Tavares BF, Béria JU, Lima MS. Drug use prevalence and school performance among teenagers. Rev Saúde Pública. 2001;35(2):150-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102001000200008

28. Andrade AG, Duarte PCAV, Barroso LP, Nishimura R, Alberghini DG, Oliveira LG. Use of alcohol, tobacco and other drugs among Brazilian university students: effects of gender and age. Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 2012;34(3):294-305.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rbp.2012.02.002

29. Pedrosa AAS, Camacho LAB, Passos SRL, Oliveira RVC. Alcohol consumption by university students. Cad Saúde Pública. 2011;27(8):1611-21. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2011000800016

30. Pechansky F, Szobot CM, Scivoletto S. Alcohol use among adolescents: concepts, epidemiology and pathogenetic factors. Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 2004;26(supl.1):14-17. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-44462004000500005

31. Santiago LIA, Altamirano POD, Torreblanco MCM, Ruiz SJC. World Drug Report. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC); 2011.

32. McKinnon SA, O’Rourke KM, Thompson SE, Berumen JH. Alcohol use and abuse by adolescents: the impact of living in a border community. J Adolesc Health. 2004;34(1):88-93.

33. Martins MC, Pillon SC. Relationship between first-time drug use and first offense among adolescents in conflict with the law. Cad Saúde Pública. 2008;24(5):112-20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2008000500018