Hemoglucotest: influence of puncture sites on levels of glucose and pain intensity

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Ana Paula Bornhausen
Cleiton Jonei Reginatto
Vinicius Mazzetti Subtil
Eduardo Mazzetti Subtil
Lourenço Duarte Zanotto
Denise Krieger
Everly Rosane Goetz
Vitor Engrácia Valenti
Luiz Carlos de Abreu
Fernando Henrique de Sousa
Roberto Odair Grassi
Rafael Frizon
Márcio Petenusso

Abstract

Introduction: Glucose self-monitoring by diabetes mellitus patients is important for the prevention of clinical complications. Objective: To compare the pain intensity in punctures at earlobe and fingertip and to evaluate the interference of the puncture site on the values of capillary blood glucose test. Method: Descriptive and exploratory quantitative study. We evaluated 70 diabetes mellitus patients. The monitoring was randomly carried out, with G-TECH Free glucometer 1®. To assess pain intensity, it was used a numerical scale graded in 0 (absent), 1 (mild), 2 (mild), 3 ( moderate), and 4 (severe). Results: For patients with Type 1 diabetes mellitus, the average blood glucose was 274.38±22.64 mg/dL for earlobe and 298.33±4.58 mg/dL for fingertip. For Type 2 diabetes mellitus, results were 187.19±9.85 mg/dL for earlobe and 195.41±10.47 mg/dL for fingertip. There was correlation between blood glucoses measured in both puncture sites. For patients with Type 1 diabetes mellitus, there was no pain (0) in earlobe, and fingertip was 1.86±0.12. For patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus, it was found that the average pain intensity for earlobe was 0.06±0.03 and for fingertip, 1.75±0.09. Conclusion: There was a statistical difference regarding the glycemic index generated by different sites. Lower pain intensity was observed when the test was done on the earlobe, as a good choice for test site.

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How to Cite
Bornhausen, A. P., Reginatto, C. J., Subtil, V. M., Subtil, E. M., Zanotto, L. D., Krieger, D., Goetz, E. R., Valenti, V. E., Abreu, L. C. de, Sousa, F. H. de, Grassi, R. O., Frizon, R., & Petenusso, M. (2014). Hemoglucotest: influence of puncture sites on levels of glucose and pain intensity. ABCS Health Sciences, 39(3). https://doi.org/10.7322/abcshs.v39i3.652
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Original Articles

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