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In a society where personal appearance is highly valued, the gyms are increasingly sought early by young people. The aim of this study was to conduct a retrospective analysis about the evolution of resistance training recommendations for children and adolescents. A literature search was held in the databases PubMed, Web of Science and Scielo. The search strategies included the combination of the following keywords: “resistance training”, “strength training”, “weight-training” “adolescents”, “children” and “youth”. The literature search resulted in 349 articles. The reading and analysis of the abstracts by authors resulted in the selection of 25 articles, respecting the criteria adopted. The results indicate that the first publications took place in 1990 and, from then on, there was a substantial evolution in the number of publications and in the approaches of resistance training for children and adolescents. The analysis of the articles shows that it is currently possible to find qualified information whose indications support a safely and an effectively practice of resistance training for children and adolescents. It can be concluded that there is no doubt about the benefits of resistance training for the health of young people, respected the recommendations in force which are peppered throughout this review. It might want to highlight that remain latent issues associated to chronic responses of resistance training in this age group, as well as doubts regarding the prescription for different ages, ergonomics of equipment and environments.
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