Adolescent mothers: perceptions related to prenatal care and childbirth

Main Article Content

Nina Franco Luz
Thaís Rocha Assis
Fabrícia Ramos Rezende

Abstract

Introduction: Teenage pregnancy is considered a public health problem worldwide. This population needs to be assisted in a unique way by health professionals because they often experience greater sense of insecurity concerning the obstetric time and their own future. Objective: To verify the perception of adolescent mothers about the care received by the health team
during the prenatal care and childbirth. Methods: This study was conducted with a qualitative approach. Adolescents aged from 12 to 19 years, primiparous with vaginal delivery of a single fetus to term and who were in the immediate postpartum period in a public hospital in the city of Jataí (GO) were included. The participants responded to two guiding questions related to the care received during the prenatal care and obstetric labor. The responses were recorded and then transcribed. The speech analysis was made according to the Content Analysis technique in which the reports were organized in categories. Results: We interviewed 11 mothers with a mean age of 16.5 years. The reports were divided into two general categories and, within each of these, specific categories have emerged. The specific category “satisfaction” was the one that appeared most frequently in the reports about the service in prenatal care and the obstetric labor. Conclusion: The teenagers considered the care and assistance received during the prenatal and the labor as satisfactory, due to guidance and attention provided by the health team. However, there was an evidence of situations which there was an obstetric violence, with a dehumanized and humiliating treatment.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Luz, N. F., Assis, T. R., & Rezende, F. R. (2015). Adolescent mothers: perceptions related to prenatal care and childbirth. ABCS Health Sciences, 40(2). https://doi.org/10.7322/abcshs.v40i2.735
Section
Original Articles

References

1. Gomes VLO, Fonseca AD, Roballo EC. Representações sociais de adolescentes mães acerca do momento do parto. Esc Anna Nery. 2011;15(2):300-5. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1414-81452011000200012

2. Enderle CF, Kerber NPC, Susin LRO, Gonçalves BG. Partos de adolescentes: elementos qualitativos da assistência. Rev Esc Enferm USP. 2012;46(2):287-94. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342012000200004

3. Bocardi MIB. Gravidez na adolescência: o parto enquanto espaço do medo. São Paulo: Arte e Ciência; 2005.

4. Brasil. Ministério da Saúde. Parto, aborto e puerpério: assistência humanizada à mulher. Secretaria de Políticas de Saúde. Brasília: Ministério da Saúde; 2000.

5. Brasil. Ministério da Saúde. Cadernos humaniza SUS: humanização do parto e do nascimento. Vol. 4. Brasília: Ministério da Saúde; 2014.

6. Minayo MCS, Deslandes SF, Gomes R. Pesquisa social: teoria, método e criatividade. 34ª edição. Petrópolis: Vozes; 2015.

7. Bardin L. Análise de conteúdo. Lisboa: Edições 70; 2011.

8. D’Orsi E, Brüggemann OM, Diniz CSG, Aguiar JM, Gusman CR, Torres JÁ, et al. Desigualdades sociais e satisfação das mulheres com o atendimento ao parto no Brasil: estudo nacional de base hospitalar. Cad Saúde Pública. 2014;30(suppl. 1):154-68. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00087813

9. Porto CC, Branco RFGR, Oliveira AM. Relação médico-paciente. In: Porto CC. Semiologia médica. 5ª edição. Rio de Janeiro: Guanabara-Koogan; 2005. p. 23-40.

10. Porto CC. O outro lado do exame clínico na medicina moderna. Arq Bras Cardiol. 2006;87(4):124-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0066-782X2006001700030

11. Juárez D. Violencia sobre las mujeres: herramientas para el trabajo de los equipos comunitarios. Buenos Aires: Ministerio de Salud de la Nación; 2012.

12. Terán P, Castellanos C, Blanco MG, Ramos D. Violencia obstétrica: percepción de las usuarias. Rev Obstet Ginecol Venez. 2013;73(3):171-80.

13. Gama SGN, Viellas EF, Schilithz AOC, Theme Filha MM, Carvalho ML, Gomes KRO, et al. Fatores associados a cesariana em primíparas adolescentes no Brasil, 2011-2012. Cad Saúde Pública. 2014;30(Supl. 1):117-27. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00145513

14. Silva RC, Soares MC, Jardim VMR, Kerber NPC, Meincke SMK. O discurso e a prática do parto humanizado de adolescentes. Texto Contexto Enferm. 2013;22(3):629-36. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-07072013000300008