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Osteoarthritis is a disease that can interfere with postural balance through various neuromuscular changes and physiotherapy has means that seek to maintain or rehabilitate this problem. The objective of this review was to identify, in the literature, rehabilitative means on the postural balance of individuals with osteoarthritis. A systematic review was performed between the months of January and March 2016 in the databases SciElo, Medline and LILACS, from the primary descriptor “Osteoartrite” (Osteoarthritis) in junction with the secondary keywords “Equilíbrio Postural” (Postural Balance), “Fisioterapia” (Physical Therapy Specialty) and “Reabilitação” (Rehabilitation) in Portuguese and English. Initially, 275 were found, of whom 29 were recruited for a qualitative analysis. Finally, four articles were chosen according to the criteria established by the review: one article addressed kinesiotherapy in soil, two to hydrokinesiotherapy and one to practice home exercises. It is concluded that the maintenance or rehabilitation of postural balance, both static and dynamic, is a phenomenon of great complexity in the individuals affected by osteoarthritis. The physiotherapeutic techniques (soil kinesiotherapy, hydrokinesiotherapy and physical exercises at home) showed positive effects on the management of postural balance in individuals with hip or knee osteoarthritis.
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