Metabolic syndrome in elderly from Nova Roma do Sul, RS: prevalence and associated factors

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Helena Zoraski
Marilene Fiametti
Ramison dos Santos
Maria Luisa de Oliveira Gregoletto
Cleber Cremonese

Abstract

Introduction: Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a complex disorder characterized by a set of simultaneous pathophysiological changes, including glycemic levels, lipid profile, pressure levels, and central obesity. Objective: To identify the prevalence of MS in an elderly population and to point out sociodemographic, socioeconomic and behavioral factors associated. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out with 293 elderly people living in the city of Nova Roma do Sul (RS), Brazil. Data were collected by questionnaire, anthropometric measurements, and biochemical tests. MS was determined according to the National Cholesterol Education Program/Adult Treatment Panel III. Descriptive statistics, χ2, and Poisson regression tests were applied. Results: The prevalence of MS was 37.2%. In the adjusted analysis, low educational level (PR=1.40; 95%CI 1.07–1.82), overweight (PR=4.36; 95%CI 2.47–7.68), and frequent sugar intake (PR=0.74; 95%CI 0.57–0.97) were shown to be associated with MS. Conclusion: The prevalence of MS was high, especially among overweight and low-educated elderly. This is a worrying result, especially because MS diagnosis could be associated with higher risk for health. This is evidence of the need of actions to be taken in adulthood still, and elaboration of strategies that improve the health of the elderly.

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How to Cite
Zoraski, H., Fiametti, M., Santos, R. dos, Gregoletto, M. L. de O., & Cremonese, C. (2017). Metabolic syndrome in elderly from Nova Roma do Sul, RS: prevalence and associated factors. ABCS Health Sciences, 42(3). https://doi.org/10.7322/abcshs.v42i3.955
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