Main Article Content
Introduction: The medical error process usually has a profound impact on both professional and personal life of the doctor. However, since the judicialization of medicine is recent, there is a need to study the facts from the dual perspective of medicine and law. Objective: To analyze the criminal proceedings of the Pará Court of Justice. Methods: A keyword search was performed on the website of the Court of Justice of the State of Pará (TJPA) with the search term: “medical error”. Results: Forty-two sentences were found. Of these, 24 were excluded because: four were repetitions; 19 were crimes not committed by doctors and one was defamation. In addition, one prescription occurred and three cases had not yet been tried at first instance. Of the 14 lawsuits judged, there were six convictions and eight acquittals. The distribution by specialties was as follows: eight cases in obstetrics/gynechology (Ob-Gyn); four in clinical emergency; two in general surgery; one in anesthesiology/ plastic surgery; one in ophthalmology; one in orthopedics; and one in radiology. Conclusion: The cases of accusation of alleged errors committed by doctors in the exercise of their specialties are still rare in the state of Pará. Specialties related to surgery and emergency situations, especially Ob-Gyn, seem to be the main ones involved in this type of process.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) that allows others to share and adapt the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Lavery JP. The physician’s reaction to a malpractice suit. Obstet Gynecol. 1988;71(1):138-41.
Raveesh BN, Nayak RB, Kumbar SF. Preventing medical-legal issues in clinical practice. Ann Indian Acad Neurol. 2016 O;19(Suppl 1):S15-20. http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0972-2327.192886
Couto Filho AF, Pereira AP. A improcedência no suposto erro médico. Rio de Janeiro: Lumen Júris; 1999.
Robles-Elías FJ, Peña-Nina D, Díaz-Barriga E, Robles-Morales R. Decriminalize medical procedures? A first approach from a dual perspective: medicine and law. Ginecol Obstet Mex. 2014;82(12):828-38.
Nagpal N. Do legal issues deserve space in specialty medical journals? J Assoc Physicians India. 2016;64(2):86-7.
Poder Judiciário. Tribunal de Justiça do Estado do Pará (TJEP). Pesquisa de jurisprudência. Disponível em: http://www.tjpa.jus.br/PortalExterno/institucional/Acordaos-e-Jurisprudencia/168242-Pesquisa-de-Jurisprudencia.xhtml. Acesso em: 21 jun. 2017.
Conselho Nacional de Justiça (CNJ). Justiça em números 2016: ano-base 2015. Brasília: Poder Judiciário; 2016.
Maia DB, Figueiredo Neto JA, Abreu SB, Silva DSM, Brito LMO. Perfil dos processos por erro médico em São Luís. Rev Pesq Saúde. 2011;12(2):18-22.
Bitencourt AGV, Neves NMBC, Neves FBCS, Brasil ISPS, Santos LSC. Análise dos erros médicos em processos ético-profissionais: implicações na educação médica. Rev Bras Educ Med. 2007;31(3):223-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-55022007000300004
Ertler LZ, Braga IFA, Pereira RBM, Aquino RM, Silva BAF. Erro médico na esfera penal no Tribunal de Justiça do Rio Grande do Sul. Rev AMRIGS. 2017. No prelo.
Udelsmann A. Responsabilidade civil, penal e ética dos médicos. Rev Assoc Med Bras. 2002;48(2):172-82. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-42302002000200039
Koeche LG, Cenci I, Bortoluzzi MC, Bonamigo EL. Prevalência de erro médico entre as especialidades médicas nos processos julgados pelo Conselho Regional de Medicina do Estado de Santa Catarina. Arq Catarin Med. 2013;42(4):45-53.
Cohen D, Chan SB, Dorfman M. Malpractice claims on emergency physicians: time and money. J Emerg Med. 2012;42(1):22-7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2008.06.014
Eagan MC. Bariatric surgery: malpractice risks and risk management guidelines. Am Surg. 2005;71(5):369-75.
Casey BE, Civello Jr. KC, Martin LF, O’Leary JP. The medical malpractice risk associated with bariatric surgery. Obes Surg. 1999;9(5):420-5. http://dx.doi.org/10.1381/096089299765552684
Ishak G, Feitosa Junior NQ, Meireles WM, Magalhães TC, Costa CS, Carvalho RDG. Aspectos epidemiológicos de pacientes com lesões iatrogênicas das vias biliares. Rev Para Med. 2015;29(2):33-8.
Braga IFA, Vieira KO, Martins TGDS. Civil liability of the ophthalmologist in the São Paulo Court of Appeals. Einstein. 2017;15(1):40-4. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1679-45082017AO3781
Silva JAC, Brito MVH, Oliveira AJB, Brito NB, Gonçalves RS, Fonseca SNS. Sindicâncias e processos ético-profissionais no Conselho Regional de Medicina do Pará: evolução processual no período de 2005 a 2007. Rev Bras Clin Med. 2010;8(1):20-4.